University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Programs & Centers

Women, Leadership and Equality Program

Women Faculty and Students in Legal Education - Bibliography

Angel, Marina. The Glass Ceiling for Women in Legal Education: Contract      Positions and the Death of Tenure, 50 J. Legal Educ. 1 (2000).

Angel, Marina. Women in Legal Education: What It's Like to Be Part of a Perpetual First Wave or the Case of the Disappearing Women, 61 Temp. L. Rev. 799 (1988).

Apel, Susan B. Gender and Invisible Work: Musings of a Woman Law Professor, 31 U.S.F. L. Rev. 993 (1997).

Arrigo, Maureen J. Hierarchy Maintained: Status and Gender Issues in Legal Writing Programs, 70 Temp. L. Rev. 117 (1997).

Bailey, Tanisha Makeba. The Master’s Tools: Deconstructing the Socratic Method and its Disparate Impact on Women Through the Prism of the  Equal Protection Doctrine, 3 Margins: Md. L.J. Race, Religion, Gender & Class 125  (2003).

Ball, Shannan N. Separate But Equal is Unequal: The Argument Against an All-Women’s Law School, 15 Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 171  (2001).

Banks, Taunya Lovell. Gender Bias in the Classroom, 38 J. Legal Educ. 137 (1988).

Banks, Taunya Lovell and Penelope Andrews. Two “Colored” Women's Conversation About the Relevance of Feminist Law Journals in the Twenty-First Century, 12 Colum. J. Gender & L. 498 (2003).

Bartow, Ann. Still Not Behavnig Like Gentlemen, 49 U. Kan. L. Rev. 809  (2001).

Bashi, Sari & Maryana Iskander. Why Legal Education is Failing Women, 18 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 389 (2006).

Bean, Kathleen S. The Gender Gap in the Law School Classroom: Beyond Survival, 14 Vt. L. Rev. 23 (1989).

Bender, Leslie.  Symposium: Solidarity, Inclusion, and Representation: Tensions and Possibilities Within Contemporary Feminism  Teaching Torts as if Gender Matters: Intentional Torts,  2 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 115 (1994).

Bowers, Allison L. Women at the University of Texas School of Law: A Call for Action, 9 Tex. J. Women & L. 117 (2000).

Canes, Brandice J. & Harvey S. Rosen. Following in Her Footsteps? Faculty Gender Composition and Women’s Choice of College Majors, 48 Indus. & Lab. Rel. Rev. 486 (1995).

Cassman, Celestial S.D. & Lisa R. Pruitt. A Kinder, Gentler Law School? Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Legal Education at King Hall, 38 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1209 (2005).

Chamallas, Martha. The Shadow of Professor Kingfield: Contemporary Dilemmas Facing Women Law Professors, 11 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 195 (2005).

Chused, Richard H. The Hiring and Retention of Minorities and Women on American Law School Faculties, 137 U. Pa. L. Rev. 537, (1988).

Clydesdale, Timothy T. A Forked River Runs Through Law School: Toward Understanding Race, Gender, Age and Related Gaps in Law School Performance and Bar Passage, 29 Law & Soc. Inquiry 711 (2004).

Cole, Melissa. Struggling to Enjoy Ourselves, or Enjoying the Struggle? One Perspective From the Newest Generation of Women Law Professors, 10 UCLA Women's L.J. 321 (2000).

Czapanskiy, Karen. Anti-Harassment: AALS Conference January 1993 Anti-Harassment: Building Law School Policies,  4 Md. J. Contemp. Legal Issues 163 (1993).

Delgado, Richard & Derrick Bell. Minority Law Professors' Lives: The Bell Delgado Survey, 24 Harv. Civ. Rights-Civ. Libs. L. Rev. 349 (1989).

Dowd, Nancy E., Kenneth B. Nunn & Jane E. Pendergast. A Dedication to Chesterfield H. Smith  Diversity Matters: Race, Gender and Ethnicity in Legal Education, 15 U. Fla. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 11 (2003).

Durako,Jo Anne. Second-Class Citizens in the Pink Ghetto: Gender Bias in Legal Writing, 50 J. Legal Educ. 562, 575-76 (2000).

Edwards, Pamela. Teaching Legal Writing as Women’s Work: Life on the Fringes of the Academy, 4 Cardozo Women's L.J. 75 (1997).

Epstein, Cynthia Fuchs. Women in the Legal Profession at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century: Assessing Glass Ceilings and Open Doors, 49 Kan. L. Rev. 733 (2001).

Farley, Christine Haight. Confronting Expectations: Women in the Legal Academy, 8 Yale J.L. & Feminism 333 (1996).

Finley, Lucinda M. A Break in the Silence: Including Women’s Issues in a Torts Course, 1 Yale J.L. & Feminism 41 (1989).

Fischer, Judith D.  Recent Development  Portia Unbound: The Effects of a Supportive Law School Environment on Women and Minority Students,  7 UCLA Women's L.J. 81 (1996).

Fischer, Judith D. The Use and Effects of Student Ratings in Legal Writing Courses: A Pleas for Wholistic Evaluation of Teaching, 10 Legal Writing 111 (2004).

Fontaine, Valerie. Progress Report: Women and People of Color in Legal Education and the Legal Profession, 6 Hastings Women's L.J. 27 (1995).

Freedman, Ann E. Feminist Legal Method in Action: Challenging Racism, Sexism and Homophobia in Law School, 24 Ga. L. Rev. 849 (1990).

Gaber, Paula. "Just Trying to Be Human in This Place": The Legal Education of Twenty Women, 10 Yale J.L. & Feminism 165 (1998).

Garner, David D.  Socratic Misogyny? – Analyzing Feminist Criticisms of Socratic Teaching in Legal Education, 2000 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 1597 (2000).

Garrison, Marsha, Brian Tomko & Ivan Yip. Succeeding in Law School: A Comparison of Women's Experiences at Brooklyn Law School and the University of Pennsylvania, 3 Mich. J. Gender & L. 515 (1996).

Gasaway, Laura N. & Judith W. Wegner. Women at UNC and in the Practice of Law, 73 N.C. L. Rev. 705 (1995).

Girth, Marjorie L. UB’s Women In Law: Overcoming Barriers During Their First Hundred Years, 9 Buff. Women's L. J. 51 (2000-2001).

Glen, Kristin Booth. When and Where We Enter: Rethinking Admission to the Legal Profession, 102 Colum. L. Rev. 1696 (2002).

Guinier, Lani, et al. Becoming Gentlemen: Women's Experiences at One Ivy League Law School, 143 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1 (1994).

Haddon, Phoebe A. Keynote Address: Redefining Our Roles in the Battle for Inclusion of People of Color in Legal Education, 31 New. Eng. L. Rev. 709 (1997).

Herden, Cheryl M. Women in Legal Education: A Feminist Analysis of Law School,  63 Rev. Jur. U.P.R. 551  (1994).

Hess, Gerald F. Student Involvement in Improving Law Teaching and Learning, 67 UMKC L. Rev. 343 (1998).

Hirshman, Linda R. Sex and Money: Is Law School a Dead-End Street for Women?, 87 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1265 (1993).

Huston,Therese A. Pedagogy and Social Justice: Race and Gender Bias in Higher Education: Could Faculty Course Evaluations Impede Further Progress Toward Parity?, 4 Seattle J. Soc. Just. 591 (2006).

Iijima, Chris K. Separating Support From Betrayal: Examining the Intersections of Racialized Legal Pedagogy, Academic Support and Subordination,  33 Ind. L. Rev. 737 (2000).

Kay, Herma Hill. The Challenge to Diversity in Legal Education, 34 Ind. L. Rev. 55 (2000).

Kay, Herma Hill. The Future of Women Law Professors, 77 Iowa L. Rev. 5 (1991).

Korn, Jane Byeff. Institutional Sexism: Responsibility and Intent, 4 Tex. J. Women & L. 83 (1995);

Kornhauser, Lewis A. & Richard L. Revesz. Legal Education and Entry into the Legal Profession: The Role of Race, Gender, and Educational Debt, 70 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 829 (1995).

Krauskopf, Joan M. Touching the Elephant: Perceptions of Gender Issues in Nine Law Schools, 44 J. Leg. Educ. 311 (1994).

Kullman, William F.  Feminist Methodologies in the Law School Classroom: Listening for a Change,  41 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 117 (1994).

Latourette, Audrey Wolfson. Sex Discrimination in the Legal Profession: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, 39 Val. U. L. Rev. 859  (2005).

Lentz, Bernard F. & David N. Laband. Sex Discrimination in the Legal Profession. Westport: Quorum Books, 1995.

Levine, Jan M. & Kathryn M. Stanchi. Women, Writing & Wages: Breaking the Last Taboo, 7 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 551 (2001).

Levit, Nancy. Separating Equals: Educational Research and the Long-term Consequences of Sex Segregation, 67 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 451 (1999).  

Levit, Nancy. Keeping Feminism in Its Place: Sex Segregation and the Domestication of Female Academics, 49 U. Kan. L. Rev. 775 (2001).

Love, Jean C. Twenty Questions on the Status of Women Students in Your Law School, 11 Wis. Women's L.J. 405 (1997).

Maitland, Christine. "The Inequitable Treatment of Women Faculty in Higher Education," in Lynne B. Welch, ed., Women in Higher Education: Changes and Challenges. New York: Praeger, 1990, pp. 246-54.

Maranville, Deborah. Classroom Incivilities: Gender, Authenticity and Orthodoxy, and the Limits of Hard Work: Four Lenses for Interpreting a “Failed” Teaching Experience, 12 Wm & Mary J. Women & L. 699 (2006).

Maute, Judith L. Writings Concerning Women in the Legal Profession, 1982-2002, 38 Tulsa L. Rev. 167 (2002).

McBrier, Debra Branch. Gender and Career Dynamics Within a Segmented Professional Labor Market: The Case of Law Academia, 81 Soc. Forces 1201 (2003).

McGinley, Ann C. Discrimination in Our Midst: Law Schools’ Potential Liability for Employment Practices, 14 UCLA Women’s L.J. 1 (2005).

Merritt, Deborah J. & Barbara F. Reskin. The Double Minority: Empirical Evidence of a Double Standard in Law School Hiring of Minority Women, 65 Cal. L. Rev. 2299 (1992).

Merritt, Deborah J., et al. Family, Place, and Career: The Gender Paradox in Law School Hiring, 1993 Wis. L. Rev. 395 (1993).

Merritt, Deborah J. & Barbara F. Reskin. Sex, Race, and Credentials: The Truth about Affirmative Action in Law Faculty Hiring, 97 Colum. L. Rev. 199 (1997).

Merritt, Deborah Jones. Are Women Stuck on the Academic Ladder? An Empirical Perspective, 10 UCLA Women's L.J. 249 (2000).

Merritt, Deborah Jones. Bias, the Brain, and Student Evaluations of Teaching (January 2007). Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 87 Available at SSRN:

Merritt, Deborah Jones. The Status of Women on Law School Faculties: Recent Trends in Hiring, 1995 U. Ill. L. Rev. 93 (1995).

Minow, Martha. The Young Adulthood of a Women's Law Journal, 20 Harv. Women's L.J. 1 (1997).

Monopoli, Paula. Gender and Constitutional Design, 115 Yale Law Journal 2643 (2006).

Morris, Caroline. A "Mean Hard Place"? Law Students Tell It As It Is, 36 Vict. U. Wellington L. Rev. 197 (2005).

Morrison, Mairi N. May it Please the Court?: How Moot Court Perpetuates Gender Bias in the “Real World” of Practice, 6 UCLA Women's L.J. 49 (1995).   

Neufeld, Adam. Costs of an Outdated Pedagogy? Study on Gender at Harvard Law School, 13 Am. U. J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 511 (2005).  

Neumann, Richard K., Jr. Dismantling Hierarchies in Legal Education Women in Legal Education: A Statistical Update, 73 UMKC L. Rev. 419 (2004).

Neumann, Richard K., Jr. Women in Legal Education: What the Statistics Show, 50 J. Legal Educ. 313 (2000).

Nord, Cara L. “What Is” and “What Should Be” an Empirical Study of Gender Issues at Gonzaga University School of Law, 10 Cardozo Women's L.J. 60 (2003).

Nordick, Kathryn Pourmand. A Critical Look at Student Resistance to Non-Traditional Law School Professors, 27 W. New Eng. L. Rev. 173 (2005).

Osborne, Sara. These Are Not Our Rules: A Public Interest an Women Oriented Law School to Improve the Lives of Women Both Within and Outside the Legal Profession, 46 How. L.J. 549  (2003).

Ramachandran, Banu. Re-reading Difference: Feminist Critiques of the Law School Classroom and the Problem With Speaking From Experience, 98 Colum. L. Rev. 1757 (1998).

Resnik, Judith. Taking Stock: Women of All Colors in Legal Education  A Continuous Body: Ongoing Conversations About Women and Legal Education,   53 J. Legal Educ. 564 (2003).    

Rhode, Deborah L. Symposium on Civil and Legal Education  Missing Questions: Feminist Perspectives on Legal Education,  45 Stan. L. Rev. 1547 (1993).

Rhode, Deborah L. Midcourse Corrections: Women in Legal Education, 53 J. Legal Educ. 475 (2003).

Rhode, Deborah L. The Profession and Its Discontents, 61 Ohio St. L.J. 1335 (2000).

Rold, Cynthia L. Women and Law, 1995 U. Ill. L. Rev. 105 (1995).

Rosato, Jennifer L. The Socratic Method and Women Law Students: Humanize, Don’t Feminize, 7 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Women's Stud. 37 (1997).

Salomone, Rosemary C.  The Ties That Bind: An interdisciplinary Analysis of Gender, Ethnicity, and the Practice of Law, 3 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 177 (1995).

Shurtz, Nancy E. Lighting the Lantern: Visions of a Virtual All-Women's Law School, 16 Hastings Women's L.J. 63, 70 (2005).

Singer, Jana and Karen Czapanskiy. Women In The Law School: It's Time For More Change, 6 Law & Ineq. 135 (1988).

Smith, Pamela J. Teaching the Retrenchment Generation: When Sapphire Meets Socrates at the Intersection if Race, Gender and Authority, 6 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 53 (1999).   

Solender, Ellen K. The Story of a Self-Effacing Feminist Law Professor, 4 Am. U. J. Gender, Soc. Policy & L. 249 (1995).

Rellan, Stacy Neera. (Student Author) Seeking a Superior Institutional Liability Standard under Title IX for Teacher-Student Sexual Harassment, 71 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1338 (1996).

Stanchi, Kathryn M. & Jan M. Levine, Gender and Legal Writing: Law Schools' Dirty Little Secrets, 16 Berkeley Women's L.J. 3 (2001).

Stanchi, Kathryn M. Dismantling Hierarchies in Legal Education: Who Next, the Janitors? A Socio-Feminist Critique of the Status Hierarchy of Law Professors, 73 UMKC L. Rev. 467  (2004).

Stone, Adrienne. The Public Interest and the Power of the Feminist Critique of Law School: Women’s Empowerment of Legal Education and Its Implications For the Fate of Public Interest Commitment, 5 Am. U.J. Gender & L. 525 (1997).

Sturm, Susan P. From Gladiators to Problem-Solvers: Connecting Conversations about Women, the Academy, and the Legal Profession, 4 Duke J. Gender L. & Policy 119 (1997).

Taber, Janet, et al. Gender, Legal Education and the Legal Profession: An Empirical Study of Stanford Law Students and Graduates, 40 Stan. L. Rev. 1209 (1988)

Teitelbaum, Lee E., Antoinette Sedillo Lopez & Jeffrey Jenkins. Gender, Legal Education and Legal Careers, 41 J. Legal Educ. 443 (1991).

Tobias, Carl. The Case for the Feminist Torts Casebook, 38 Vill. L. Rev. 1517 (1993).

Tobias, Carl. Engendering Law Faculties, 44 U. Miami L. Rev. 1143 (1990).

Tolbert, Pamela S., et al. The Effects of Gender Composition in Academic Departments on Faculty Turnover, 48 Indus. & Lab. Rel. Rev. 562 (1995).

Torrey, Morrison, et al. What Every First Year Female Law Student Should Know, 7 Colum. J. Gender & L. 267  (1998).

Vaughns, Katherine. Women Law Journals in the New Millennium: How Far Have They Evolved? And are They Still Necessary?, 12 Colum. J. Gender & L. 492 (2003).

Vaughns, Katherine. Women of Color in Law Teaching: Shared Identities, Different Experiences, 53 J. Legal Educ. 496 (2003).

Wald, Patricia M. Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Will We Ever Rid the Legal Profession of "the Ugly Residue of Gender Discrimination?", 16- Spg Hum. Rts., 40 (1989).

Weiss, Catherine & Louise Melling. The Legal Education of Twenty Women, 40 Stan. L. Rev. 1299 (1988).

Wells, Catharine Pierce. The Perils of Race and Gender in a World of Legal Abstraction, 34 U.S.F. L. Rev. 523 (2000).

Wells, Celia. Women Law Professors--Negotiating and Transcending Gender Identities at Work, 10 Feminist Legal Stud. 1 (2002).

West, Robin L. The Difference in Women's Hedonic Lives: A Phenomenological Critique of Feminist Legal Theory, 3 Wis. Women's L.J. 81, 86 (1987).

West, Martha S. Gender Bias in Academic Robes: The Law’s Failure to Protect Women Faculty,  67 Temp. L. Rev. 67 (1994).

White, Richard A. The Gender and Minority Composition of New Law Teachers and AALS Faculty Appointments Register Candidates, 44 J. Legal Educ. 424 (1994).

Wilson, Lisa A. & David H. Taylor. Surveying Gender Bias at One Midwestern Law School, 9 Am. U. J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 262 (2001).

Wiseman, Christine M. The Legal Education of Women: From “Treason Against Nature” to Sounding a “Different Voice”, 74 Marq. L. Rev. 325 (1991).

Young, Donna E. Two Steps Removed: The Paradox of Diversity Discourse for Women of Color in Law Teaching, 11 Berkeley Women's L.J. 270 (1996).

Zenoff Elyce H. & Kathryn V. Lorio. What We Know, What We Think We Know, and What We Don't Know About Women Law Professors, 25 Ariz. L. Rev. 869, 898 (1983).

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Copyright © 2018, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law. All Rights Reserved