Research Guides

TMLL Research Guide - Chapter 4


Public Laws

Laws intended to be of general application

Private Laws

Laws passed for the benefit of an individual or small group of individuals

Slip Law

Separate publication of an individual act; may be distributed in pamphlet or electronic form

Session Laws

Publication of the laws enacted during a particular legislative session; laws are presented in chronological order; publication of bound official versions is often slow

Advance Legislative Service

Commercial publishers print session laws in pamphlet form before official versions are available; usually shelved at the end of an annotated code set


Subject compilation of the public laws currently in force in a particular jurisdiction

Annotated Code

Contains references to cases and other research aids in addition to the text of the code


May refer to the overall organizational scheme of a code, i.e. Title 18 of the U.S. Code includes federal criminal laws; or, may refer to the organizational scheme of a particular law, i.e. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits sex-based discrimination in employment (42 U.S.C. § 2000e)

Uniform Law

Drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws; states may adopt in its entirety or with changes; original versions of uniform laws are found in Uniform Laws Annotated which also contains notes on the status of adoption in the various states and references to state court decisions

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