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Kimberly Robinson, Baltimore’s Chinese Community: The Education of Chinese Children

Maryland state law mandated specifically provided for separate public schools for white and "colored" children. The law did not specify whether children of Chinese ancestry were included within the definition of "colored" children. The United States Supreme Court in Gong Lum v. Rice (1926) upheld a ruling of the Mississippi Supreme Court that because children of Chinese ancestry were not considered white, they could be consigned to attend segregated public schools with Black children. In Baltimore during the twentieth century, children of Chinese ancestry attended the racially segregated public schools designated for white children before the Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954.