Chinese Laundries
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Linda M. Gantt, Washing Baltimore: A Perspective on Chinese Laundries and the Laundry Business in Baltimore, 1890-1920

This project examines the impact of Chinese owned and operated laundries in Baltimore on other laundry businesses, especially Black washerwomen, between 1890 and 1920. The writer concludes that during this period the number of Chinese operated laundries was too insignificant to constitute a major threat to Black washerwomen. It is more likely that the major source of competition with Black washerwomen came from various European ethnic groups of women immigrants. By the 1920s large commercial laundries posed a greater threat to individuals doing hand laundry.