Director, Law and Health Care Program and
Professor of Law
AB, 1976, Duke University
MS, 1980, JD, 1986, Harvard University
Diane Hoffmann has been on the faculty at Maryland since 1987. She has taught Torts, Law and Medicine, Health Care Law, Legal Problems of the Elderly, Critical Issues in Health Care, Research with Human Subjects, and Health Care for the Poor. Her research interests include issues at the intersection of law, health care, ethics and public policy such as advance directives, pain treatment, termination of life support, genetics, regulation of research, and of managed care. She was a primary author of Maryland's Health Care Decisions Act dealing with advance directives, surrogate decision-making and guardianship for individuals lacking health care decision-making capacity. She has served as a member of a number of ethics committees including those at University of Maryland Medical Systems, the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, and the VA Medical Center in Baltimore and is author of A Handbook for Nursing Home Ethics Committees published by the American Association of Homes & Services for the Aging (AAHSA). She also served as a member of AAHSA's Commission on Ethics in Long Term Care and on the ethics advisory committee for the National Hospice and Palliative Care organization. She is the founder and Director of the Maryland Healthcare Ethics Committee Network, an educational resource for ethics committees in Maryland. From June 1994 - May 1995, while on leave from the Law School, she served as the Acting Staff Director of the Senate Subcommittee on Aging and was responsible for all health care and aging legislation for U.S. Senator Barbara Mikulski. From 1997-2003, she was a Mayday Scholar focusing much of her research and scholarship on obstacles to the management of pain. She has published several major articles in this area, “The Girl Who Cried Pain: A Bias Against Women in the Treatment of Pain,” “Achieving the Right Balance in Oversight of Physician Opioid Prescribing for Pain: The Role of State Medical Boards,” and “Pain Management and Palliative Care in the Era of Managed Care: Issues for Health Insurers.” Her recent scholarship includes a study of the use of health related genetic tests in the court room and an article on the criminal prosecution of physicians for prescription of opioids. In addition to her teaching and scholarship, Professor Hoffmann served as Law School’s Associate Dean of Academic Programs from 1997-2012, responsible for the school’s academic curriculum and dual degree programs. In this capacity, she also had oversight of the School’s specialty programs and Centers. Since 2000, she has been Director of the School’s Law & Health Care Program which offers a certificate to graduating students concentrating in health law.
Hoffmann received her B.A., magna cum laude, from Duke University, her M.S. in Health Policy and Management from Harvard School of Public Health and her J.D. from Harvard Law School.
After completing law school, she was an associate with the firm of Dewey, Ballantine, Bushby, Palmer & Wood in Washington, DC, where she worked on legal issues in the areas of health, environmental and food and drug law. Prior to law school, she worked as a policy analyst and advisor to the Massachusetts secretary of environmental affairs.
Handbook for Nursing Home Ethics Committees, (1995) (with others).
Health Claim Regulation of Probiotics in the USA and the EU: Is there a Middle Way?, 4 Beneficial Microbes 109 (2013). [Abstract]
Are Changes to the Common Rule Necessary to Address Evolving Areas of Research? A Case Study Focusing on the Human Microbiome Project, 41 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 454 (2013) (with J. Dennis Fortenberry and Jacques Ravel). [Full Text]
Probiotics: Finding the Right Regulatory Balance, 342 Science 6156 (2013) (with others). [Full Text]
Legal Impediments to the Diffusion of Telemedicine, 14 Journal of Health Care Law & Policy 1 (2011) (with Virginia Rowthorn). [Full Text]
Medical Marijuana and the Law: Perspective, 362 New England Journal of Medicine 1453 (2010) (with Ellen Weber). [Full Text]
Dying as a Public Health Issue, in Reconsidering Law and Policy Debates: A Public Health Perspective (John Culhane ed., 2010).
Teaching Health Law – A Health Law Practice Workshop: Bridging Externship Placements and the Classroom, 37 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 513 (2009). [Full Text]
Physicians Who Break the Law, 53 St. Louis University Law Journal 1049 (2009). [Full Text]
Building Public Health Law Capacity at the Local Level, 36 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 6 (2008) (with Virginia Rowthorne). [Full Text]
Treating Pain v. Reducing Drug Diversion and Abuse: Recalibrating the Balance in Our Drug Control Laws & Policies, 1 St. Louis University Journal of Health Care Law and Policy 231 (2008). [Full Text]
The Role and Legal Status of Health Care Ethics Committees in the U.S., in Legal Perspectives in Bioethics: Annals of Bioethics Series 46 (Sandra Johnson & Ana Iltis, eds. 2008) (with Anita Tarzian). [Full Text]
Achieving Quality and Responding to Consumers - The Medicare Beneficiary Complaint Process: Who Should Respond?, 5 Indiana Health Law Review 9 (2008) (with Virginia Rowthorn). [Full Text]
Are Health Care Conflicts All That Different? A Contrarian View, 29 Hamline Journal of Public Law & Policy 235 (2008). [Full Text]
Legal and Regulatory Issues Surrounding the Use of Opioid Analgesics in Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine (Joseph M. Neal & James P. Rothwell eds., 2007).
Can State Medical Boards Adequately Respond to Reports that Physicians are Inappropriately Prescribing Opioids?, 81 Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 799 (2007).
Judging Genes: Implications of the Second Generation of Genetic Tests in the Courtroom, 66 Maryland Law Review 858 (2007). [Full Text]
Who Decides Whether a Patient Lives or Dies?, Trial, Oct. 2006, at 30 (with Jack Schwartz). [Full Text]
A Statewide Survey Identifying Perceived Barriers to Hospice Use in Nursing Homes, Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, Nov.-Dec. 2006, at 1 (with Anita J. Tarzian).
The Role of Healthcare Ethics Committee Networks in Shaping Healthcare Policy and Practices, 18 HEC Forum 85 (2006) (with others).
Barriers to Managing Pain in the Nursing Home: Findings from a Statewide Survey, Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 2005, at S13 (with Anita J. Tarzian)
Future Public Policy and Ethical Issues Facing the Agricultural and Microbial Genomics Sectors of the Biotechnology Industry, 24 Biotechnology Law Report 10 (2005) (with Lawrence Sung). [Full Text]
Science and Law: When Should Judges Admit or Compel Genetic Tests?, 310 Science 241 (2005) (with Karen Rothenberg). [Full Text]
Dying in America: An Examination of Policies that Deter Adequate End of Life Care, 33 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 294 (2005) (with Anita Tarzian). [Full Text]
Constraints to Prescribing Medications for Pain Treatment in Connecticut, (Pts. 1-3) The Pain Clinic, Dec. 2002, at 28, The Pain Clinic, (Jan./Feb. 2003, at 32, The Pain Clinic, March 2003, at 28 (with Z. Lazzarini and B. Moulton).
Third Party Reimbursement Practice and Their Influence on Pain Management in Connecticut, (Pts. 1-3) 1, The Pain Clinic, Dec. 2002, at 11, The Pain Clinic, Jan./Feb. 2003, at 38, The Pain Clinic, March 2003, at 22.
Achieving the Right Balance in Oversight of Physician Opioid Prescribing for Pain: The Role of State Medical Boards, 31 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 21 (2003) (with A. Tarzian). [Full Text]
Whose Duty is it Anyway?: The Kennedy Krieger Opinion and its Implications for Public Health Research, 6 Journal of Health Care Law & Policy 109 (2003) (with K. Rothenberg). [Full Text]
Achieving the Right Balance in Oversight of Physician Opioid Prescribing for Pain: A Survey of State Medical Boards, 89 Journal of Medical Licensure and Discipline 159 (Dec. 2003) (with A. Tarzian).
Undertreating Pain in Women: A Risky Practice, Journal of Gender-Specific Medicine, Jan./Feb. 2002, at 10.
Management of Cancer-Related and Noncancer-Related Chronic Pain in Connecticut: Successes and Failures, 66 Connecticut Medicine 683 (2002) (with A. Tarzian and S. Davidson).
The Girl Who Cried Pain: A Bias Against Women in the Treatment of Pain, 29 Journal Law, Medicine & Ethics 13 (2001) (with A. Tarzian). [Full Text]
Are Ethics Committee Members Competent to Consult?, 28 Journal Law, Medicine & Ethics 30 (2000) (with A. Tarzian & J. A. O’Neil). [Full Text]
Regulating Research with the Decisionally Impaired: Are We Making Progress, 3 DePaul Journal of Health Care Law 543 (2000) (with J. Schwartz & E. DeRenzo). [Full Text]
Pain Management and Palliative Care in the Era of Managed Care: Issues for Health Insurers, 26 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 267 (1998). [Full Text]
The Dangers of Directives or the False Security of Forms, 24 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 5 (1996) (with S.I. Zimmerman & C. Tompkins). [Full Text]
Emergency Care and Managed Care -- A Dangerous Combination, 72 Washington Law Review 315 (1997). [Full Text]
Proxy Consent to Participation of the Decisionally Impaired in Medical Research -- Maryland's Policy Initiative, 1 Journal of Health Care, Law & Policy 123 (1997) (with J. Schwartz).
How Close is Enough? Family Relationships and Attitudes Towards Advance Directives and Life Sustaining Treatment, 3 Journal of Ethics, Law & Aging 5 (1997) (with S.I. Zimmerman & C. Tompkins).
The Guardianship Puzzle: Whatever Happened to Due Process?, 7 Maryland Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 11 (1996) (with J.L. O’Sullivan). [Full Text]
Testing Children for Genetic Predispositions: Is it in their best interest?, 23 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 331 (1995) (with E.A. Wulfsberg). [Full Text]
Alpha1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: Impact of Genetic Discovery on Medicine and Society, 271 Journal of the American Medical Association 217 (1994).
Ethics Committees: Time to Experiment with Standards, 120 Annals of Internal Medicine 335 (1994) (with J. Fletcher).
Mediating Life & Death Decisions, 36 Arizona Law Review 821 (1994). [Full Text]
The Maryland Health Care Decisions Act: Achieving the Right Balance?, 53 Maryland Law Review 1064 (1994). [Full Text]
Evaluating Ethics Committees -- A View from the Outside, 71 The Milbank Quarterly 677 (1993). [Full Text]
Does Legislating Hospital Ethics Committees Make a Difference?: A Study of Hospital Ethics Committees in Maryland, The District of Columbia, and Virginia, 19 Law, Medicine & Health Care 105 (1991).
Regulating Ethics Committees in Health Care Institutions -- Is it Time?, 50 Maryland Law Review 746 (1991). [Full Text]
The Biotechnology Revolution and Its Regulatory Evolution, 33 Drake Law Review 471 (1989). [Full Text]
Toxics: The Wild Card in Boston Harbor Clean-up Litigation, in Of Judges, Politics and Flounders: Perspectives on the Cleaning up of Boston Harbor, 299 (Haar, ed. 1986).
Recent Development, Mexico-United States Pollution Control Agreement, 25 Harvard International Law Journal, 239 (1984).
Negotiation and the Rulemaking Process: The 301(h) Case, in Resolving Environmental Regulatory Disputes, 222 (Susskind et al., eds. 1983) (with others).
Diane Hoffmann of the School of Law, Claire Fraser and Jacques Ravel of the School of Medicine, and Frank Palumbo of the School of Pharmacy were quoted in the article "FDA must find regulatory balance for probiotics says Univ. of Md. law prof" in PharmacyChoice.
Diane Hoffmann and Ellen Weber of the School of Law were mentioned in the article, "Tapping Medical Marijuana's Potential" on well.blogs.nytimes.com.
Diane Hoffmann of the School of Law, Frank Palumbo of the School of Pharmacy and Jacques Ravel of the School of Medicine are featured in the article "University of Md. Researchers Call for Flexibility on FDA Regulation of Probiotics" in Natural Products Insider.
Diane Hoffmann of the School of Law was featured in the article "Probiotics' Unique Features Necessitate Regulation by FDA, Says Researcher" in MedIndia.net and in a similar article in Pharma Business Daily Bulletin.