Faculty

Photo of Danielle Citron

Danielle Citron

Morton & Sophia Macht Professor of Law

Phone: (410) 706-3924
Fax: (410) 706-6644
E-mail:
dcitron @ law.umaryland.edu

Office: 231

BA cum laude, Duke University
JD cum laude and Order of the Coif, Fordham University School of Law

Curriculum Vitae


Biography | Selected Publications | In the News

Danielle Citron is the Morton & Sophia Macht Professor of Law at the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law where she teaches and writes about information privacy, free expression, and civil rights. Professor Citron received the “Teacher of the Year” award in 2005.

Professor Citron is an internationally recognized information privacy expert. Her book Hate Crimes in Cyberspace (Harvard University Press) explored the phenomenon of cyber stalking and the role of law and private companies in combating it; the editors of Cosmopolitan included her book in its “20 Best Moments for Women in 2014.” Professor Citron has published book chapters and more than twenty law review articles, which have appeared (or are forthcoming) in California Law ReviewMichigan Law ReviewHarvard Law Review ForumBoston University Law ReviewGeorge Washington Law ReviewMinnesota Law ReviewNotre Dame Law ReviewTexas Law Review, Washington University Law ReviewSouthern California Law Review, Washington & Lee Law Review, Wake Forest Law Review, Washington Law Review, UC Davis Law Review, among other journals. Her opinion pieces have appeared in media outlets like The New York TimesThe AtlanticSlateTimeCNNThe Guardian, New Scientist, and New York Daily News. In 2015, the United Kingdom’s Prospect Magazine named Professor Citron one of the “Top 50 World Thinkers;” the Daily Record named her one of the “Top 50 Most Influential Marylanders.” Professor Citron is an Affiliate Scholar at the Stanford Center on Internet and Society, Affiliate Fellow at the Yale Information Society Project, and Senior Fellow at the Future of Privacy, a privacy think tank. She is a technology contributor for Forbes.

Professor Citron has advised federal and state legislators, law enforcement, and international lawmakers on privacy issues. In April 2015, she testified at a congressional briefing on the First Amendment implications of a federal cyber stalking legal agenda. Professor Citron helped Maryland State Senator Jon Cardin draft a bill criminalizing the nonconsensual publication of nude images, which was passed into law in 2014. From 2014 to December 2016, Professor Citron served as an advisor to California Attorney General Kamala Harris (who was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2016). She served as a member of AG Harris’s Task Force to Combat Cyber Exploitation and Violence Against Women. In 2011, Professor Citron testified about online hate speech before the Inter-Parliamentary Committee on Anti-Semitism at the House of Commons.

Professor Citron works closely with companies on issues involving online safety and privacy. She serves on Twitter’s Trust and Safety Council, and she has presented her research at Facebook, Google, and Microsoft. In addition, Professor Citron serves as an advisor to civil liberties and privacy organizations. She will Chair the Electronic Privacy Information Center’s Board of Directors in 2017. Professor Citron is on the Advisory Board of Cyber Civil Rights Initiative, Without My Consent, Future of Privacy, Teach Privacy, SurvJustice, and the International Association of Privacy Professionals Privacy Bar. She is an adviser to the American Law Institute’s Restatement Third, Information Privacy Principles Project.

Professor Citron has presented her research at federal agencies, meetings of the National Association of Attorneys General, the National Holocaust Museum, Wikimedia Foundation, the Anti-Defamation League, major universities, and think tanks. Professor Citron has been quoted in hundreds of news stories in varied outlets including The New York TimesWashington PostWall Street JournalLos Angeles TimesSan Francisco ChronicleUSA TodayHBO’s John Oliver ShowTimeNewsweekthe New YorkerNew York MagazineCosmopolitanBarron’sFinancial TimesThe GuardianVice News, and BBC. She is a frequent guest on National Public Radio shows, including All Things Considered, WHYY’s Radio Times, WNYC’s Public Radio International, Minnesota Public Radio, Wisconsin Public Radio, WYPR’s Midday with Dan Rodricks, WAMU’s The Diane Rehm Show, and Chicago Public Radio.

Books

Hate Crimes in Cyberspace (2014). [Abstract]

Book Chapters

The Surveillance Implications of Efforts to Combat Cyber Harassment, in The Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law (David C. Gray & Stephen E. Henderson eds., forthcoming 2017) (with Liz Clark Rinehart).

Protecting Sexual Privacy in the Information Age, in Privacy in the Modern Age: The Search for Solutions 46 (Marc Rotenberg et al. eds., 2015).

Civil Rights in Our Information Age, in The Offensive Internet: Speech, Privacy and Reputation 31 (Martha Nussbaum & Saul Levmore eds., 2011). [Abstract]

Articles

The Internet Will Not Break: Denying Bad Samaritans Section 230 Immunity, Fordham Law Review (forthcoming 2017) (with Benjamin Wittes).

Risk and Anxiety: A Theory of Data Breach Harms, Texas Law Review (forthcoming) (with Daniel J. Solove). [Full Text]

Extremist Speech and Compelled Conformity, Notre Dame Law Review (forthcoming) [Full Text]

The Privacy Policymaking of State Attorneys General, 92 Notre Dame Law Review 747 (2016). [Full Text]

Addressing Cyber Harassment: An Overview of Hate Crimes in Cyberspace, 6 Case W. Reserve Journal of Law Technology & the Internet 1 (2015). [Full Text]

Spying, Inc., 72 Washington & Lee Law Review 1243 (2015). [Full Text]

Promoting Innovation While Preventing Discrimination: Policy Goals for the Scored Society, 89 Washington Law Review 1413 (2014) (with Frank Pasquale). [Full Text]

The Scored Society: Due Process for Automated Predictions, 89 Washington Law Review 1 (2014) (with Frank Pasquale). [Full Text]

Criminalizing Revenge Porn, 49 Wake Forest Law Review 345 (2014) (with Mary Anne Franks). [Full Text]

The Right to Quantitative Privacy, 98 Minnesota Law Review 62 (2013) (with David Gray). [Full Text]

A Shattered Looking Glass: The Pitfalls and Potential of the Mosaic Theory of Fourth Amendment Privacy, 14 North Carolina Journal of Law & Technology 381 (2013) (with David Gray). [Full Text]

Fighting Cybercrime After United States v. Jones, 103 Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology 745 (2013) (with David Gray and Liz Clark Rinehart). [Full Text]

Addressing the Harm of Total Surveillance: A Reply to Professor Neil Richards, 126 Harvard Law Review Forum 262 (2013) (with David Gray). [Full Text]

Mainstreaming Privacy Torts, 98 California Law Review 1805 (2011). [Full Text]

Intermediaries and Hate Speech: Fostering Digital Citizenship for the Information Age, 91 Boston University Law Review 1435 (2011) (with Helen Norton). [Full Text]

Network Accountability for the Domestic Intelligence Apparatus, 62 Hastings Law Journal 1441 (2011) (with Frank Pasquale). [Full Text]

Government Speech 2.0, 88 Denver University Law Review 899 (2010) (with Helen Norton). [Full Text]

Cyber Civil Rights: Looking Forward, 87 Denver University Law Review Online 1 (2010). [Full Text]

Book Review, Visionary Pragmatism and the Value of Privacy in the Twenty-First Century, 108 Michigan Law Review 1107 (2010) (reviewing Daniel J. Solove, Understanding Privacy (2008)) (with Leslie Meltzer Henry). [Full Text]

Fulfilling Government 2.0's Promise with Robust Privacy Protection, 78 George Washington Law Review 822 (2010). [Full Text]

Law's Expressive Value in Combating Cyber Gender Harassment, 108 Michigan Law Review 373 (2009). [Full Text]

Cyber Civil Rights, 89 Boston University Law Review 61 (2009). [Full Text]

Technological Due Process, 85 Washington University Law Review 1249 (2008). [Full Text]

Open Code Governance, 16 University of Chicago Legal Forum 355 (2008). [Full Text]

Reservoirs of Danger: The Evolution of Public and Private Law at the Dawn of the Information Age, 80 Southern California Law Review 241 (2007). [Full Text]

Minimum Contacts in a Borderless World: Voice over Internet Protocol and the Coming Implosion of Personal Jurisdiction Theory, 39 University of California Davis Law Review 101 (2006). [Full Text]

Recent News featuring Danielle Citron

June 23, 2017

In article on the response of social media companies to content that may encourage terrorists, Prof. Danielle Citron notes the phenomenon of "creeping censorship."

April 27, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article "Troll storm" lawsuit against neo-Nazi may provide blueprint for fighting online harassment which appeared in the Vice Magazine - Online.

April 22, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Unreal When It Targets You: Faceless Trolls Attack Online which appeared on NewsFactor.com ,Sci-Tech Today and Enterprise Security Today

April 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was mentioned in the article What you're agreeing to when you accept your smart TV's privacy policy which appeared on NewsDog.

April 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Abby Ohlheiser - The man behind the neo-Nazi Daily Stormer website is being sued by one of his 'troll storm' targets which appeared in Jewish World Review.

April 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article The dark side of live-streaming which appeared on VuvuPlaza.

April 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Victims of neo-Nazi trolling in Whitefish, Mont., strike back in court which appeared in Yahoo News and RocketNews.

April 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Woman sues neo-Nazi website publisher over "campaign of terror" by online trolls which appeared on CBS News Online.

April 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Southern Poverty Law Center sues neo-Nazi website, alleging anti-Semitic harassment which appeared in the The Miami Herald Online.

April 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Southern Poverty Law Center sues neo-Nazi website, alleging a campaign of anti-Semitic harassment which appeared in the Los Angeles Times Online.

April 18, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Live-streaming takes a sinister turn as murderers, rapists and terrorists broadcast their deeds which appeared on National Post online.

April 18, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Montana woman sues neo-Nazi website's publisher over trolling campaign which appeared in the Toronto Star Online.

April 18, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Target of online trolls suing neo-Nazi website's publisher which appeared in the Chicago Tribune Online, New York Daily News Online, Houston Chronicle Online, The Globe and Mail Online, Atlanta Journal-Constitution Online, Associated Press Online, The Baltimore Sun Online, Orlando Sentinel Online, The Charlotte Observer Online, seattlePI.com, EDGE, EDGE Las Vegas, EDGE Ft. Lauderdale, EDGE New York City, EDGE Dallas, EDGE Los Angeles, EDGE Chicago and EdgeWashington.com

April 18, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article The man behind the neo-Nazi Daily Stormer website is being sued by one of his 'troll storm' targets which appeared in The Washington Post Online.

April 18, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Facebook wanted 'visceral'live video. It's getting live-streaming killers and suicides which appeared on The Washington Post Online.

April 17, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Facebook wanted ‘visceral’ live video. It’s getting live-streaming killers and suicides which appeared in the Washington Post.

April 11, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron published an article entitled Citron on Extremist Speech and Compelled Conformity which appeared on Media Law Prof Blog.

April 11, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Internet "Satan" busted on S.I. after decades of harassment True Viral News which appeared on True Viral News and New York Daily News Online.

April 11, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article She Agreed to Be a Boy's Pen Pal in 4th Grade...Decades Later, It Caused Sheer Terror which appeared in the Independent Journal Review.

April 6, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Facebook's New Plan May Curb Revenge Porn, But Won't Kill It which appeared on Wired Online.

April 2, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article 'Unreal when it targets you':Faceless trolls attack online which appeared in the Napa Valley Register Online, Arizona Daily Sun Online, The Miami Herald Online and the Washington Times Online.

April 1, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Troll for the 'Lulz'? A Target of Online Abuse Isn't Amused which appeared in the Edge Miami, WRAL-TV Online, and San Francisco Chronicle Online.

March 30, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Jewish congressional candidate battles anti-Semitic trolls which appeared in The times of Israel.

March 30, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Trolling For Hate which appeared in the Detroit Legal News.

March 30, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article 'Unreal when it targets you': Faceless trolls attack online which appears on CNSNews.com and PeoplePC

March 29, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Trolls Are Winning the Internet, Technologists Say - The Atlantic which appeared in My Informs.

March 29, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Faceless trolls attack online which appeared on Albuquerque Journal Online.

March 29, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Faceless anti-Semitic trolling attacks, the daily plight of U.S. Congressional candidate which appeared in the Haaretz.

March 29, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article which appeared on CBS San Francisco - Online.

March 29, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article This is what if feels like to be trolled by the racist 'alt-right' which appeared in the Toronto Star Online.

March 22, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Jury Rules on GIF as a Deadly Weapon which appeared on vr-zone.com

March 22, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article US grand jury decides that a GIF counts as a deadly weapon in Twitter seizure case as in appeared in The Verge and Pc Pro.

March 22, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Tweet that sent journalist Kurt Eichenwald into seizure considered 'deadly weapon' in indictment which appeared in The Washington Post Online.

March 21, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article A Court Will Decide if a GIF Can Be Considered a 'Deadly Weapon' which appeared in Vice Magazine - Online.

March 21, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Texas grand jury says a GIF is a "deadly weapon" which appeared on NBC News Online and WMGT-TV Online.

March 21, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article The long, weird history of companies that put your life online which appeared in The Verge.

March 19, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Seizure-inducing tweet leads to a new kind of prosecution for a new era which appeared on Chicago Tribune Online and The Miami Herald Online.

March 14, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article It's Time for Facebook to Deal With The Grimy History of Revenge Porn which appeared in Wired Online.

March 10, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Called for Jury Duty? That Facebook Rant Is Fair Game which appeared in Bloomberg BNA.

March 10, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron joined other guests on NPR's 1A podcast to discuss revenge porn Sex Crimes in Cyberspace .

March 2, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Twitter to police abuse in major shift which appeared in Arizona Republic Online, El Paso Times Online, Poughkeepsie Journal Online, Statesman Journal Online, Observer & Eccentric Newspapers Online, Battle Creek Enquirer Online, San Angelo Standard-Times Online, Marion Star Online and Stevens Point Journal Online.

March 1, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Twitter Launches Fresh Anti-Harassment Tools which appeared on Associations Now Online.

March 1, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Twitter beefs up anti-abuse controls. What's changed? which appeared on The Christian Science Monitor Online.

March 1, 2017

Professor Danielle Citron was quoted in the article Twitter Rolls Out Even More "Anti-Abuse' Features which appeared on Breitbart.



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500 W. Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201-1786 PHONE: (410) 706-7214 FAX: (410) 706-4045 / TDD: (410) 706-7714

Admissions: PHONE: (410) 706-3492 FAX: (410) 706-1793

Copyright © 2017, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law. All Rights Reserved