University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law


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Danielle Citron

Morton & Sophia Macht Professor of Law

Phone: (410) 706-3924
Fax: (410) 706-6644
dcitron @

Office: 231

BA cum laude, Duke University
JD cum laude and Order of the Coif, Fordham University School of Law

Curriculum Vitae

Biography | Selected Publications | In the News

Danielle Keats Citron is the Morton & Sophia Macht Professor of Law at the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law where she teaches and writes about information privacy, free expression, and civil rights and was the recipient of the 2005 “Teacher of the Year” award.

Professor Citron is an internationally recognized information privacy expert. Her book Hate Crimes in Cyberspace (Harvard University Press) explored the phenomenon of cyber stalking and how law and companies should tackle it consistent with our free speech commitments. The editors of Cosmopolitan included her book in “20 Best Moments for Women in 2014.” Professor Citron has published more than 25 law review articles appearing in California Law Review, Michigan Law Review (twice), Harvard Law Review Forum, Boston University Law Review (three times), Fordham Law Review, George Washington Law Review, Minnesota Law Review, Notre Dame Law Review (twice), Texas Law Review, Washington University Law Review (twice), Southern California Law Review, Washington & Lee Law Review, Wake Forest Law Review, Washington Law Review, UC Davis Law Review, among other journals. Her opinion pieces have appeared in media outlets, such as The New York Times, The Atlantic, Slate, Lawfare, Time, CNN, The Guardian, New Scientist, ars technica, and New York Daily News. In 2015, the United Kingdom’s Prospect Magazine named Professor Citron one of the “Top 50 World Thinkers;” the Daily Record named her one of the “Top 50 Most Influential Marylanders.”

Professor Citron is an Affiliate Scholar at the Stanford Center on Internet and Society, Affiliate Fellow at the Yale Information Society Project, and Senior Fellow at the Future of Privacy, a privacy think tank. She is a technology contributor for Forbes. Professor Citron will be a Visiting Professor at Fordham University School of Law in the fall of 2018 and at Harvard Law School in the fall of 2019.

Professor Citron has advised federal and state legislators, law enforcement, and international lawmakers on privacy issues. She has testified at congressional briefings on the First Amendment implications of laws regulating cyber stalking, sexual violence, and nonconsensual pornography. From 2014 to December 2016, Professor Citron advised California Attorney General Kamala Harris (elected to the U.S. Senate in 2016) on privacy issues. She served as a member of AG Harris’s Task Force to Combat Cyber Exploitation and Violence Against Women. In 2011, Professor Citron testified about online hate speech before the Inter-Parliamentary Committee on Anti-Semitism at the House of Commons.

Professor Citron works closely with tech companies on issues involving online safety and privacy. She serves on Twitter’s Trust and Safety Council and has presented her research at Twitter, Facebook, Google, and Microsoft. She is a member of the Principals Group for the Harvard-MIT AI Fund. In addition, Professor Citron serves as an advisor to civil liberties and privacy organizations. She is the Chair of the Electronic Privacy Information Center’s Board of Directors. Professor Citron sits on the Advisory Boards of the Cyber Civil Rights Initiative, Without My Consent, the ADL’s Center for Technology and Society, Future of Privacy, Teach Privacy, and the International Association of Privacy Professionals Privacy Bar. She is a member of the American Law Institute and serves as an adviser to the American Law Institute’s Restatement Third Information Privacy Principles Project.

Professor Citron has presented her research at federal agencies, meetings of the National Association of Attorneys General, the National Holocaust Museum, Wikimedia Foundation, the Anti-Defamation League, major universities, and think tanks. Professor Citron has been quoted in hundreds of news stories including in The New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Chronicle, Wired, USA Today, HBO’s John Oliver Show, HBO’s Vice News, Time, Newsweek, New Yorker, New York Magazine, Cosmopolitan, Barron’s, Financial Times, The Guardian, Vice News, and BBC. She is a frequent guest on National Public Radio shows, including All Things Considered, WHYY’s Radio Times, WNYC’s Public Radio International, Minnesota Public Radio, Wisconsin Public Radio, WYPR’s Midday with Dan Rodricks, WAMU’s The Diane Rehm Show, and Chicago Public Radio.


Hate Crimes in Cyberspace (2014). [Abstract]

Book Chapters

Why Combating Online Abuse Is Good for Free Speech, in Free Speech in the Digital Age (Susan Brison & Katharine Gelber eds., forthcoming 2018).

The Surveillance Implications of Efforts to Combat Cyber Harassment, in The Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law (David C. Gray & Stephen E. Henderson eds., 2017) (with Liz Clark Rinehart).

Protecting Sexual Privacy in the Information Age, in Privacy in the Modern Age: The Search for Solutions 46 (Marc Rotenberg et al. eds., 2015).

Civil Rights in Our Information Age, in The Offensive Internet: Speech, Privacy and Reputation 31 (Martha Nussbaum & Saul Levmore eds., 2011). [Abstract]


Risk and Anxiety: A Theory of Data Breach Harms, 96 Texas Law Review 737 (2018) (with Daniel J. Solove). [Full Text]

Extremist Speech, Compelled Conformity, and Censorship Creep, 93 Notre Dame Law Review 1035 (2018). [Full Text]

The Internet Will Not Break: Denying Bad Samaritans Section 230 Immunity, 86 Fordham Law Review 401 (2017) (with Benjamin Wittes). [Full Text]

The Privacy Policymaking of State Attorneys General, 92 Notre Dame Law Review 747 (2016). [Full Text]

Addressing Cyber Harassment: An Overview of Hate Crimes in Cyberspace, 6 Case W. Reserve Journal of Law Technology & the Internet 1 (2015). [Full Text]

Spying, Inc., 72 Washington & Lee Law Review 1243 (2015). [Full Text]

Promoting Innovation While Preventing Discrimination: Policy Goals for the Scored Society, 89 Washington Law Review 1413 (2014) (with Frank Pasquale). [Full Text]

The Scored Society: Due Process for Automated Predictions, 89 Washington Law Review 1 (2014) (with Frank Pasquale). [Full Text]

Criminalizing Revenge Porn, 49 Wake Forest Law Review 345 (2014) (with Mary Anne Franks). [Full Text]

The Right to Quantitative Privacy, 98 Minnesota Law Review 62 (2013) (with David Gray). [Full Text]

A Shattered Looking Glass: The Pitfalls and Potential of the Mosaic Theory of Fourth Amendment Privacy, 14 North Carolina Journal of Law & Technology 381 (2013) (with David Gray). [Full Text]

Fighting Cybercrime After United States v. Jones, 103 Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology 745 (2013) (with David Gray and Liz Clark Rinehart). [Full Text]

Addressing the Harm of Total Surveillance: A Reply to Professor Neil Richards, 126 Harvard Law Review Forum 262 (2013) (with David Gray). [Full Text]

Mainstreaming Privacy Torts, 98 California Law Review 1805 (2011). [Full Text]

Intermediaries and Hate Speech: Fostering Digital Citizenship for the Information Age, 91 Boston University Law Review 1435 (2011) (with Helen Norton). [Full Text]

Network Accountability for the Domestic Intelligence Apparatus, 62 Hastings Law Journal 1441 (2011) (with Frank Pasquale). [Full Text]

Government Speech 2.0, 88 Denver University Law Review 899 (2010) (with Helen Norton). [Full Text]

Cyber Civil Rights: Looking Forward, 87 Denver University Law Review Online 1 (2010). [Full Text]

Book Review, Visionary Pragmatism and the Value of Privacy in the Twenty-First Century, 108 Michigan Law Review 1107 (2010) (reviewing Daniel J. Solove, Understanding Privacy (2008)) (with Leslie Meltzer Henry). [Full Text]

Fulfilling Government 2.0's Promise with Robust Privacy Protection, 78 George Washington Law Review 822 (2010). [Full Text]

Law's Expressive Value in Combating Cyber Gender Harassment, 108 Michigan Law Review 373 (2009). [Full Text]

Cyber Civil Rights, 89 Boston University Law Review 61 (2009). [Full Text]

Technological Due Process, 85 Washington University Law Review 1249 (2008). [Full Text]

Open Code Governance, 16 University of Chicago Legal Forum 355 (2008). [Full Text]

Reservoirs of Danger: The Evolution of Public and Private Law at the Dawn of the Information Age, 80 Southern California Law Review 241 (2007). [Full Text]

Minimum Contacts in a Borderless World: Voice over Internet Protocol and the Coming Implosion of Personal Jurisdiction Theory, 39 University of California Davis Law Review 101 (2006). [Full Text]

Recent News featuring Danielle Citron

June 3, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron reacts to Facebook's new efforts to stop revenge porn on their platform for the CBC.

May 7, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron weighs in on whether Facebook is a media platform or publisher in the City Journal.

April 26, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron is quoted in an article about grassroots activists combating revenge porn in Wired.

April 17, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron discusses legal options for victims of online harassment with The Washington Post.

April 5, 2018

Professors Danielle Citron and Benjamin Wittes were quoted in an article offering four ways to save Facebook in The Atlantic.

March 22, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron suggested ways Facebook could be regulated in an article on Slate.

March 5, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron is quoted on CNN about Twitter's TV ad during the Oscars.

February 27, 2018

Professor Citron is quoted in article in the New York Times on cyberstalking and revenge porn.

February 22, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron discusses online trolling of Parkland shooting massacre survivors in the Washington Times

February 22, 2018

Amid the aftermath of the Parkland shooting, Professor Danielle Citron discusses the survivors' resiliency in The New York Times.

February 20, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron talked about the issues surrounding the use of smartphone apps to help with sexual consent in a USA Today article.

January 31, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron comments on a youth "right to be forgotten" for the CBC.

January 26, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron discusses privacy implications of new AI-enabled face swap technology with Wired.

January 23, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron discusses privacy and the new "Amazon Go" convenience stores in an article in The Washington Post

January 15, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron talked with pubilc radio program, Marketplace Tech, about whether non-consensual sharing of nude photos, or "revenge porn," should be a federal crime.

January 6, 2018

Professor Danielle Citron weighs in on the practice of "swatting" in an article from the Chicago Tribune.

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500 W. Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201-1786 PHONE: (410) 706-7214 FAX: (410) 706-4045 / TDD: (410) 706-7714

Admissions: PHONE: (410) 706-3492 FAX: (410) 706-1793

Copyright © 2018, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law. All Rights Reserved